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Tutankhamun Cartouches

King Tutankhamun

 
When Howard Carter discovered the tomb of Tutankhamun, he remarked that it was, "the day of days, the most wonderful that I have ever lived through, and certainly one whose like I can never hope to see again". However, the collection is yet to be completely documented, and it took some ten years for Howard Carter to finish excavating the tomb. see also Cartouche Definition .

King Tutankhamun remains somewhat of an enigmatic figure, even though he has been the subject of much investigation. Presumably, he was born in Akhetaten (modern el-Amarna), during the latter half of the reign of Akhenaten, the Heretic king who attempted to establish a radical departure from traditional Egyptian religion. We believe that he died in his late teens, judging from various analyses of his mummy.

Tutankhamun came to the throne in about 1333 BC, then a young child still burdened with the name, Tutankhaten. He married Ankhesenpaaten, the somewhat older third daughter of Akhenaten and Nefertiti, a match perhaps made to unite opposing royal factions. He would rule Egypt for only nine or so years, though there can be little doubt that for most of this time, the reigns of the government were firmly in the hands of others, such as Ay, his successor and perhaps a relative of the king, and General Horemheb, who would succeed Ay to the throne.


Tutankhamun Cartouche



Tutankhamun Cartouche

Tutankhamun Cartouche


Tutankhamun Cartouches

 
We are going to study three of the titles and names of Tutankhamun:


Tutankhamun Birth Name (sa ra)

 twt-ankh-imn HkA iwn rsyt or Sma “The living image of Amon, Ruler of Southern Heliopolis (meaning Thebes)”.  Earlier variant: twt-ankh-itn “The living image of Aten”

Tutankhamun Birth Name (sa ra)
Tutankhamun Birth Name (sa ra)

Tutankhamun Coronation Name (Niswt bity)


 Nb-xprw-Re “Lord of the forms (existences) of Re.


Tutankhamun Coronation Name (Niswt bity)



Tutankhamun Horus Name (Hr)


 ka-nxt  tut-mswt, "Strong bull, fitting of created forms" or “Strong bull, the image is born”
 

Tutankhamun Horus Name (Hr)


Tutankhamun Horus Name


 Nefer-hepu segereh-tawy schetep-netjeru nebu, "Dynamic of laws, who calms the Two Lands, who propitiates all the gods" (variant 1: Wer-ah-Amun, "Great of the Palace of Amun; variant 2: neb-er-djer, "lord of all")


Tutankhamun Horus Name

Tutankhamun Nebty Name


Tutankhamun Nebty Name


Wetjes-khau sehetep-netjeru, "Who displays the regalia, who propitiates the gods" (variant 1: Heqa-maat schetep-netjeru, "The one who brings together the cosmic order, who propitiates the gods; variant 2: Wetjes-khau-yotef-Re, "Who displays the regalia of his father Re"; variant 3: Wetjes-khau tjes-tawy em..., "Who dsiplays the regalia, who keeps the Two Lands together)

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