Ancient Egyptian Jewelry

Ancient Egyptian Jewelry Artifacts

Ancient Egypt Jewelry in its various designs has been a source for artistic inspiration over thousands of years to jewelry designers all over the world, because of the fine details of the designs, the variety of colors and the precious gemstones, its high quality and the mysteries that it holds. Ancient Egyptians jewelry was never just an art, but it represented a deeper meaning. Egyptians are well-known for their sense of beauty. 
Jewellery was used not only for beauty, but for the magical protection it provided.Immense treasures and jewellery were buried with the dead for use in afterlife and this was the main reason why Egyptian mummies were widely plundered. The first evidence of jewellery making in Ancient Egypt dates back to the 4th millennia BC, to the Pre dynastic Period.  As with other forms of Egyptian art design of jewellery followed strict rules to fulfil its religious role.

Ancient Egyptian Jewelry


Ancient Egyptian Jewelry

Any change in the representation of religious symbols resulted in a loss of protective value. Jewellery also indicated the social status of an individual .It was undesirable to change the designs of any objects such as the royal cartouches or crook and flail. Minerals and metals used to make jewellery were identified with specific deities and every colour had a mythological meaning. Colour green symbolised fertility and crops whereas colour red symbolised the need for blood by the god.

Scarab amulets were symbolic of rebirth.  Most of the raw materials that were used to make jewellery were found in Egypt, but certain prized materials such as lapis lazuli were imported from Afghanistan. Gold was considered the skin of gods and was used widely among the people. Bronze was also preferred extensively. Sometimes, an alloy of Gold, Silver and Copper called "electrum" was used.The use of cold-worked glass in jewellery was the invention in the middle kingdom.

In order to provide cheap materials for the lower social classes, Egyptian artisans invented the art of the fabulous fake, ancient artisans became so adept at crafting glass bead versions of precious stones that it was difficult to distinguish authentic emeralds, pearls and tigers-eye. Solidified glass was also formed into beads and amulets which were small figurines that were buried with the deceased.
The wearing of these religious items was widespread by both sexes alike. 
Since all people needed the protection it provided lower social classes made their amulets from cheap materials such as coloured clay and fake reproductions. Bracelets, Brooches, Clasps, Coronets, Girdles, Earrings - all constituted ancient Egyptian jewellery.  Pectoral was an elaborate chest decoration item. There was also a unique headdress that formed a type of outer wig. Even mundane household objects like vases were made of hammered gold, festooned with jewels.

Ancient Egyptian Jewelry facts

 In the middle of 1916, endowed the areas west of the city of Thebes (Luxor) rainstorm violent, of those storms that blow suddenly on these desert regions, and cause floods, may lead to catch up with devastating if passed in Traiqaaaly residential villages, this phenomenon is known completely with the people of neighboring villages.  

Once the storm calmed down and sapped its power, until he began Halle neighboring villages scattered in the regions and the Bekaa to see what is revealed by the floods, at that time arrived a group of people of the village of Qurna (the village is located west of Thebes) to the foot of a rocky area high consists of steep rocks, and there found a rare treasure of great archaeological back to about 3 thousand years BC.

Ancient Egyptian Jewelry

I Osrroa the cemetery is buried which 3 queens were the wives of King Thutmose III (1840 BC)., The cemetery was full of contents, of funeral furniture, and jewelry, and cosmetics, which was show by the queens of the three, and jewelry made of gold and silver, in addition to a group of pots of gold and silver and copper for each queen.As the coffins of the three affected by moisture strip with the passage of time; it was easy for people to pray to Gnimethm, without difficulties, drilling and exploration.

Of course parents have sold all of the vocabulary Maosroa upon this treasure of a group of antique dealers who Serpoha turn to Europe and America, and there is a greater amount of vocabulary that is displayed in the Metropolitan Museum in New York.Prior to this date and throughout the ages have been tombs of kings and nobles of the looting at the hands of thieves. 

 Tutankhamun tomb Jewelry

 If we look at the value of great wealth that have been found in the tomb of Tutankhamun only (discovered in 1923), it was massive amounts of jewelry and jewelry of gold and silver, although it is the poorest of the kings of the Eighteenth Dynasty, and least significant, is that he died and did not report the twentieth years old, then you can imagine the amount of treasures found in the tombs of the Kings top affair, which was more than the size of the tomb of Tutankhamun fiftieth times at least; to realize what he was paid thieves to steal effects, but we realized that Mmyawat Kings, which reached us and are now in the Egyptian Museum, reached us after that was stripped and robbed of most of what was characteristic of jewelry.

Ancient Egyptian Jewelry

Perhaps the clearest difference between thieves and old people of the village of Qurna, that the thieves had Asron what they get from Jewelry laying waste forever, and the people of the village of Qurna, has sold the jewelry which is the same, even in the hands of the realized value Kothar, then rolled after the search and exploration for the Egyptian Antiquities,It is noticeable that all disclosures have been by chance, without studies or drilling a scientific manner, and that is reminiscent of the observations that many of the stories about the World tells the story of Egypt was to get the treasures in the land of Egypt.

And what was his discovery of the jewelry is characterized by forms and models of multiple and different, which means they belong to different eras, most of which goes back to the Middle Ages and modern, and by studying the methods of industry and the formation turned out to public taste that has prevailed in the jewelry industry and metallurgy in which each of Hziguen eras, and the jewels that belong to the Old Kingdom are very rare, reflect the taste funeral, while the jewelry pieces that belong to the ages of a late date Pharaonic. 
we find they are affected by the taste of Persian in the industry, design, and it was this taste prevailed in the ruling classes and the wealthy, and came to us from these objects shows us how precision and good taste of the artisans who produced these artifacts so that level of creativity and splendor. 
 The method they use in coloring so beautiful and Musogathm similar or as close as possible to the way the decoration or inscription on the stained glass that prevailed in the Middle Ages, and they choose the materials that Ajohron so beautiful on the color and the brightness and luster. 

Ancient Egyptians used jewelery for several purposes:-

  •  Jewelry to adorn Biology: It was not limited to use only women but men also used, various types of jewelry from rings, bracelets, anklets and collars decorated and contracts, necklaces, earrings and tiaras.

  • Jewelry to decorate the dead: He was decorating the dead of the things labor in ancient Egypt, everyone dies no matter what social status had to be decorated with his body before burial pieces of jewelery suitable for class and the wealthy, even for the poor, not without the command of decorating at death with a piece of string to included some colorful beads, damage on the neck or arms. Perhaps the most important evidence of this is the vast amount of beads that contain piles of sand Bjbana Saqqara, there are a myriad of beads of all shapes and colors mixed with sand; a result of inspections in cemeteries large over the different historical eras, past and present, and some parents currently gathering of thousands of beads and Aldmunha in the form of contracts and sell them to tourists.

And jewelry to decorate the gods: There was jewelry made specifically for the statues of gods, were kept Palmqsourat inside the sanctuary or holy of holies to you temple, and the ritual of daily service by the priests require changes their Urdu and jewelry that Ablbsaa statues of gods, or change the jewelery and Almjmohrat and cleaned, The stores of any temple contain huge amounts of jewelery, we can see how large they are through what came to us from inventories or lists of grants that were provided to the temples (of course it was the temples throughout the history of Amyat robbery did not left out anything), and on the wall South of the chamber adjacent to and attached to the Holy of Holies in the Temple of Karnak we see scenes carved for a range of grants and gifts awarded by King Thutmose III to serve the gods and the temple contains many jewels of precision and excellence in manufacturing.

Jewelry used Ktmaúm and spells: Some of the jewelry that is decorated by people aiming to protect them from some evil forces and amulets were made of precious stones, Xue stones such as gold, silver or garnet red (symbolizing the color of blood neighborhood) or turquoise (which stands for to the lush greenery and spring) or Alazord (which symbolizes the blue sky of the Holy), and often represent symbols of amulets or magic lines has implications for allegedly paying to bring evil or good.- The men and women use ornaments of different made of precious metals, have been found in the tombs of the royal family near the pyramid of Amenemhat III (Bdhishor Fayoum) of the Twelfth Dynasty to the works of art is one of the most important thing found so far in the history of ancient art.
 in terms of accuracy made and good taste, in the burial chamber of the Princess (Tarot) found bracelets of gold and beads of stone, steel and collar of gold, and in the tomb of Princess (Anna) was found on the dagger of gold and depressing of gold studded and bracelets of gold, and on the body and found a decoration consisting of pieces of stone and beads of gold, and the tomb of Princess (concluded) was found on the Tazhin one of pure gold studded with stone Alkrnalin, and this is the crown of created pieces that have been found where he arrived in Egypt to the top of the manufacturer's ability to simulate nature.

The men and women both wear necklaces that cover the chest and hanging from the neck down, and necklaces are made mostly of colored beads as they used to wear gold chains, and bracelets adorn wrists and put bracelets on the carpal feet as well.The rings of pieces of jewelry basic, was the rings that they produce high-precision, as is evident from the seal of Tutankhamun, and the left hand carrying of rings more than the right hand, did not ignore even the thumb of the exercise of such rings, as found on the earrings of various shapes and colors.In general, depending on the purpose of the use of ornaments, and it was a means of pride and the indication of the extent of wealth and social status enjoyed by the owner.

The Gold is a precious metal first, which was used mainly in the manufacture of jewelry in ancient Egypt, like the Egyptians gold over other precious metals; terms of ease of processing, in addition to the lack of susceptibility to corrosion and damage, does not lose its luster and shine a lot of use, and the yellow warm seems as if it reflects the rays that come out of the bright disk of the sun.Was characterized by Egypt for the rest of the ancient world the existence of vast areas within its borders, a high incidence of mines that extracted from gold precious.
 experts say minerals Modern having conducted a lot of research and studies on the mineral lands of Egypt: The Ancient Egyptians were explorers, researchers and prospectors for gold class First, they have found to exploit all the gold mines in Egyptian territory, and show the historical evidence that the ancient Egyptians had Arhqgua these mines to a large degree, made both of King Seti I and Ramses II of the kings of the family of the 19 Adtara to the command to open new mines deeper in areas remote eastern desert.

Have been found on a map dating back to that era, showing the location of some gold mines in Wadi Hammamat, Eastern Desert (and this is the map drawn on a papyrus dating to the Ramesside period)
) It features gold of Egypt in ancient Egypt, the diversity of Alloana which include yellow Alrac (pure gold) and pale yellow or dark (to fit on a large proportion of silver converted to silver chloride) and brown italics red (because it contains both copper and iron oxidized) and red purple (due to contamination of some organic material).  After the ancient Egyptians used gold in electrum so beautiful metallic silver, but gold is still the first precious metal. 


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Ancient Egyptian Jewelry

Ancient Egyptian Jewelry


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