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This picture display the most important item and what was considered to be as a master piece , it's a musical instrument ,it is known as the "trumpet". The trumpet was called Snb in ancient Egypt. We are not sure whether the musical instruments were  part of the funerary equipments or not because most of the royal burial had been robbied and only the tomb of Tutankhamun contained which had some musical instruments.

 Our main concern was directed to the trumpet here ,the trumpet is considered as masterpiece because it's the only thing which we can hear like the ancient Egyptians has heard exactly that's why when Howard carter excavated the tomb, he decided to use the trumpet and he heard the same sound that the ancient Egyptians had heard, 1000 years ago so this is the only link between us and the ancient Egyptians .

Tutankhamun Trumpet

Tutankhamun Trumpet

Tutankhamun Trumpet

Tutankhamun Trumpet

Tutankhamun Trumpet

Tutankhamun Trumpet

Tutankhamun Trumpet



 In ancient Egypt We have different types of musical instruments:

 The first type is known as percussion musical instrument: This was a kind of musical instrument which creates a rythem like the" sistrum and the clappers". such as the two sistra which were found in the tomb of Tutankhamen and two clappers which you can see downstairs in the showcase which is housing the games dating back to the archaic period .Then the second type of musical instruments was known as string musical instruments such as the harp and in the tomb of Tutankhamen we don't have an example for string musical instruments.The third type of musical instrument is known as the blowing or the .

And among these category we have the horn and the trumpets.Our main concern was directed to the trumpet which is considered to be from the blowing or wind musical instruments. Its main usage was in the different ceremonies or in the battle field as it was for announcement of the start of the battle.The trumpet was made out of 2 parts; the tube& the bell.The tube is made out of wood gilded and the bell is made out of copper or bronze..The bell is decorated with a scene representing King Tutankhamen in front of three divinities who were: Amen, Rahorakhty&ptah.

So why specially these divinities were depicted here? The scholars started searching and and studying why?? As there was connection between the trumpet and the 3divinties, they started thinking about the main uses of the trumpet to announce for the beginning of the battle so they thought that there was a certain connection between the 3 deities and the army. The scholars mentioned that before the reign of king Tutankhamen ,king TuthmosisШdivided the army into 3 parts(the heart and the two wings)

While, after the reign of King Tutankhamen king RamessesП divided the army into 4divisions, upon each divine he placed a deity. These divinities were imn, ra, ptah&Seth they were upon the head of the4 divisions of Egyptian army. Some scholars suggested that may be during the reign of king Tutankhamen the army was divided into 3 parts and each divinity upon apart that's why the king was depicted in front of these three divinities who were imn , Rahorakhty&ptah

Then concerning the bell we can see that there is a wooden stopper inserted inside this bell to retain it's shape, because this bell is made out of a thin layer of metal so it can be easily damaged Other scholars believed that this stopper had another usage which is: having to put a piece of cloth upon the stopper to clean the core of the bell or may be to prevent the dust from entering the core of the bell.

Trumpet was used all over the country except in two nomes; they were Busiris&Letopolis why??  These 2 nomes believed that the sound created by the trumpet is the sound of the braying of the donkey and this sound resembled the sound of god Seth (god of evil). So they refused completely to hear the sound of the trumpet as they were the two main cult centers of god Osiris, so the trumpet was creating the sound of Seth (the murderer of god Osiris)

The most famous scene where we can see the trumpet was depicted in the temple of king RamessesШ at Madient Habu where it represents the first soldier holding the trumpet creating its sound to encourage the soldiers to fight more bravely and to cross the wall of an Asiatic fortress The trumpet is a musical instrument which was used during the military activities, it was used mainly to announce the beginning of the battle and to encourage the soldiers during the wars and we have several scenes representing the trumpet in ancient Egypt.

In the tomb of king Tutankhamen we have 3 trumpets 2 of them were found in the antechamber while the 3rd was found in the burial chamber, The example in front of us here was found in the burial chamber and it was wrapped with reeds.Some scholars believed that it wasn't the original place of this trumpet, but others said it was its original place due to it's importance that's why they placed it, just near his burial place.The two other trumpets one of them exhibited now in the Louver museum and the other in restoration

This showcase also comprises two walking sticks and also some other handless of fans .Some were made out of wood gilded and others were from ebony and ivory and they were decorated with the names& titles of King Tutankhamen.





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