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A glance of the Egyptian calendar is significant in the study of lifestyles of a community that existed hundreds of thousands of years. The civilization began around 6000 BC when people settled in the early Nile Valley. From 5550 to 3050 BC was the pre-dynastic period during which small settlements flourished along the Nile.  

Before the first Egyptian dynasty, Egypt was divided into two kingdoms, known as Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt. Notable leaders of Egypt were the mysterious 'Scorpion' and Narmer. The Scorpion King was believed to have ruled Upper Egypt and lived just before or during the reign of Narmer at Thinis. Egypt has been subject to political unification.  

Ancient Egypt Timeline


The Egyptian capital at the time was Thinis. From 3050 to 2686 BC was the Early Dynastic period, in which the first and second dynasties ruled. This period witnessed the use of hieroglyphics. King Menes is considered the founder of the first dynasty. Memphis was founded as the capital of Egypt, founded around 3100 BC.

The ancient kingdom was established in 2686 in British Columbia. This period to 2181 BC, the 3rd to 6th dynasties ruled. Many pyramids were built during this period. King Djoser was a third dynasty of kings. During the 4th Dynasty, (which was founded by Snefru) the great pyramids were built in Gaza. The worship of the god Ra gained prominence during the 5th Dynasty. The 6th dynasty was founded by Teti.


From 2181 to 2040 BC was the first interim period during which Egypt was ruled by 7 to 10th dynasties. This period witnessed the collapse of central government. From 11 to 13 Egyptian dynasties ruled during 2040-1782 BC, the period called the Middle Kingdom. The Second Intermediate Period, during which the 14th to 17th dynasties ruled existed from 1782 to 1570 BC. In this period, The Hykos introduced the Egyptians to the chariot. 


The new kingdom was characterized by the rule of 18 to the 20th dynasties.   The tomb in the Valley of the Kings was built. Akhenaten, Tutankhamun, Ramses II and Hatshepsut Tuthmose and were the major Pharaohs of the time. The kingdom existed until 1070 BC. From 1070 to 525 BC was the third intermediate period during which the Nubians conquered Egypt and restored traditional values ​​and religion. The end of the period was 672 to 332 BC and 26 to 31 dynasties ruled during this period.  27 The dynasty was established by a king of Persia. The Greco-Roman period is said to be from 332 BC to 641 AD.

Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypt

 It was during this period that Egypt was invaded and conquered by Alexander the Great and Ptolemic dynasty was established. The city of Alexandria was founded. Cleopatra VII reigned in 51 BC. The Roman period began around 30 BC. In 642 AD, the Arabs captured in Egypt and became part of the Islamic empire. From 868 to 969 AD, the dynasty Ikhshidid Tulunid and ruled Egypt. Seized Fatimid rulers of Egypt and founded the Egyptian city of Al-Qahirah (modern Cairo) in 969 AD.

Ancient Egypt


Ancient Egyptian Facts

 

 

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