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Ancient Egypt Tools and Technology

The belief in afterlife of ancient Egyptians prompted them to deposit tools and tool models in the tombs of the deceased. Tools came in different sizes and shapes. Flint tools, wooden cramps, Axes, Bronze chisels are only some of them. Tools were made out of copper, iron, wood, bronze, ivory, bone and stone.

Proximity to the Nile encouraged farming which was impossible without efficient tools. Sickle, a grinding stone and other instruments related to harvesting grain and farming were the earliest known tools used by the people. Cow powered ploughs were used to turn the fields. 



Ancient Egypt Tools and Technology

Ancient Egypt Tools and Technology

Ancient Egypt Tools and Technology

Ancient Egypt Tools and Technology

Ancient Egypt Tools and Technology

Ancient Egypt Tools and Technology



Ancient Egypt Tools and Technology

Ancient Egypt Tools and Technology

Ancient Egypt Tools and Technology

Ancient Egypt Tools and Technology

Ancient Egypt Tools and Technology

Ancient Egypt Tools and Technology

Ancient Egypt Tools and Technology

Ancient Egypt Tools and Technology

Ancient Egypt Tools and Technology

Ancient Egypt Tools and Technology



Ancient Egypt Tools and Technology

Ancient Egypt Tools and Technology

Ancient Egypt Tools and Technology

Ancient Egypt Tools and Technology

Ancient Egypt Tools and Technology

Ancient Egypt Tools and Technology

Ancient Egypt Tools and Technology

Ancient Egypt Tools and Technology


Ancient Egypt Tools and Technology

The plough was fastened to the horns of the cow which pulled them along. Ploughs were mostly made from wood. Hoes, rakes, grain scoops, fire drills, spindles were other wooden equipments . A simple crafted wooden scoop, complete with handle, made moving harvested grain easier.

The knowledge in carpentry enabled them to create strong wooden boxes, coffins for instance, as well as stools and fancy furniture. Construction started with plumb-bobs and squares and ended in polishing tools for the shiny limestone faces. Ancient Egyptian women would apply cosmetics from a palette and used tweezers for plucking hairs.

The stone was either chipped or ground into the desired shape depending on the kind of stone: Fine sandstone, limestone and the like were ground serving as grinding stones and the like, while flint was generally chipped and used for cutting.

In Egyptian graves, copper ornaments, vessels and weapons have been found as well as needles, saws, scissors, pincers, axes, adzes, harpoon and arrow tips, and knives.
At Gurob, several bronze tools like hatchet, nails, knives, blades, fishing hooks etc. have been discovered. Iron was accepted in Egypt only in later periods.

While iron replaced bronze tools completely, bronze continued to be used for statues, cases, boxes, vases and other vessels. The equipment of the scribe who writes hieroglyphs consists of a rectangular case of pigment which was called a palette. Most palettes were rectangular pieces of wood of about 20 to 43 centimetres long and 5 to 8 centimeters wide.


Plumb bobs were appreciated for their ability to furnish a true vertical line. The Egyptians employed plumb tools in their sighting and levelling instruments, and as a way to continue distances vertically. They exploited all the possibilities of the bob, using it for astronomy, navigation, surveying, and building. It was their "workhorse" tool.

In the construction of Pyramids, a water level and an A-frame with a plumb bob were used. A shaduf was used to bail buckets of water from the river and irrigate crops.



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