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Definition of Sarcophagus

Sarcophagus Definition

 

The word “sarcophagus” is a Greek word, which means ‘flesh-eater’ apparently from a Hellenic belief that some stone used for body-containers, actually consumed its contents (as if the sarcophagus eats the flesh of the deceased). This is confirmed by the fact that in Predynastic times the bodies were buried in a contracted position in shallow pits in the sand and they retain their shape until now (like the famous example of the mummified body kept at the British Museum).  

The bodies were preserved only by means of the heat of the sand due to the hot weather.Then by around the late 3rd Dynasty, sarcophagi were introduced for keeping the dead bodies but it was discovered that the bodies decomposed (were not preserved) so in the 4th Dynasty the Egyptians thought about mummification as a means of preserving the dead bodies; so it is logic that they mummify the body then put it inside the sarcophagus which will not then eat the flesh of the deceased.

sarcophagus definition


sarcophagus definition

Sarcophagus in Ancient Egyptian language


The name of sarcophagus in ancient Egyptian language was nb anx (Lord of life) or pr anx: House of life or since the Ramesside Period mn anx: the eternal monument.
 

 Ancient Egyptian Sarcophagus facts


The earliest sarcophagi recorded dated to the Old Kingdom (3rd dynasty). They were made out of stone and the lid took the shape of the ancient shrine of the North (Shrine of goddess Wadjet) or the “pr nw”. Later on, in the New Kingdom, wooden sarcophagi appeared but they were used by private people as only royalties could use stone sarcophagi. At this time, the lids took the shape of the sloping “pr wr” or the ancient shrine of the South (Shrine of goddess Nekhbet).

Ancient Egyptian Sarcophagus video
 
Royal sarcophagi were initially rectangular in shape but soon adopted an oval, cartouche-form which continued into the Twentieth dynasty, with the exception of the Amarna Period also a very popular form of sarcophagi was the anthropoid (meaning: taking the shape of the human body. This word derives from the word ‘anthropology’ which means the science of the human body.).

Egyptian sarcophagus of Tutankhamun

 King Tutankhamun Sarcophagus

The sarcophagus of Tutankhamen was made out of yellow Quartizite and the lid made of granite painted yellow to match the sarcophagus. The lid takes the shape of the “pr-wr” and is decorated on the four corners with sculpted figures of the 4 protector goddesses outstretching their wings, which was an innovation during the New Kingdom.

Ancient Egyptian Sarcophagus Meaning :


 
 Ancient Egyptian Sarcophagus Meaning
 
Ancient Egyptian Sarcophagus Meaning

Ancient Egyptian Sarcophagus Meaning

Ancient Egyptian Sarcophagus Meaning

Ancient Egyptian Sarcophagus Meaning

Ancient Egyptian Sarcophagus Meaning



 
Definition of sarcophagus




 Ancient Egyptian Sarcophagus
Ancient Egyptian Sarcophagus

Ancient Egyptian Sarcophagus

Ancient Egyptian Sarcophagus

Ancient Egyptian Sarcophagus

Ancient Egyptian Sarcophagus



Ancient Egyptian Sarcophagus




Ancient Egyptian Sarcophagus

Ancient Egyptian Sarcophagus

Ancient Egyptian Sarcophagus

Ancient Egyptian Sarcophagus

Ancient Egyptian Sarcophagus



 

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