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Mummification Meaning

Mummification is the preservation of the body of a dead person or animal.The Egyptians were absolute masters at this craft. It not known exactly when this  practice first began, but there is evidence dating back to the Pre-Dynastic Period showing bodies in fetal positions placed in shallow graves or tombs and  mummified by the sand, intense sun and heat. During the New Kingdom is  when the art is truly perfected as shown by the picture of Ramesses II.  

Mummification Meaning

Mummification Meaning

Mummification Meaning

Mummification Meaning

Mummification Meaning

Mummification Meaning

Mummification Meaning

Mummification Meaning

Mummification Meaning

Mummification Meaning

Mummification Meaning

Mummification Meaning

Mummification Meaning



Mummification Meaning

The process of mummification :

 

The process of mummification is complex. There are actually 70 steps which  need to be carried out over 70 days. The main stages are as follows: 

1) Removal of the brain through the nostrils

 2) Removal of the intestines through an incision in the side

 3) Sterilization of the body and intestines

 4) Treating, cleaning, dehydrating the intestines

 5) Packing the body with natron (a natural dehydrating agent) and leaving for 40  days 

6) Removal of the natron agent 

7) Packing the limbs with clay or sand

 8) Packing the body with linen (soaked in resin), myrrh and cinnamon 

9) Treating the body with ointments and finally wrapping with a fine linen  gauze, not less than 1000 square yards

Mummification Meaning


Finally the body or mummy was placed in a coffin, usually in the shape of the  corpse. Sometimes several coffins were placed one inside the other, and then these were in turn placed inside a stone sarcophagus. The internal organs, such  as the stomach, intestines, and liver were mummified as well and then placed in  canopic jars made of alabaster.

The jars were then placed near the sarcophagus in  the tomb or in some cases between the legs of the mummy itself. The process of  mummification was usually for the wealthy such as royalty, nobles, or scribes.  The poorer people merely wrapped their deceased in linen and placed in shallow  graves in the sand.

In the great museum of Egyptian antiquities in Cairo, throngs of curious  sightseers daily look into the very faces of the pharaohs and nobles who ruled  Egypt many centuries ago. The ancient Egyptians were preserved as mummies,  or embalmed bodies, thousands of which have been taken from the sands and  tombs of Egypt.

The Egyptians practiced the art of mummifying their dead for  3,000 years or more in the belief that the soul would someday return to the body  and occupy it again. The bodies were preserved by the use of resin and spices or  sometimes by immersion in a solution of salt or natron. After a period  of preparation that took about 70 days, they were wrapped in linen.

Then the shrouded mummy was usually placed in two cases of cedar  or of cloth stiffened with glue. The outer case was often covered with  paintings and hieroglyphics telling of the life and various deeds of the  deceased. A molded mask of the dead or a portrait on linen or wood  sometimes decorated the head end of the case.

This double case was placed in an oblong coffin and deposited in a sarcophagus. The bodies of poorer people were  merely dried with salt and wrapped with coarse cloths.  Sacred animals, particularly cats, were also mummified.

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