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 A mastaba is a type of ancient Egyptian tomb in the form of a flat-roofed, rectangular structure with inward sloping sides, constructed out of mudbricks.

These edifices marked the burial sites of many eminent Egyptians during Egypt's Early Dynastic Period and Old Kingdom. In the Old Kingdom epoch, local kings began to be buried in pyramids instead of in mastabas, although non-royal use of mastabas continued for over a thousand years. Egyptologists call these tombs mastaba, from the Arabic word mastaba that means "stone bench".

Mastaba Art History Definition

Mastaba Art History Definition

Mastaba Art History Definition

Mastaba Art History Definition

Mastaba Art History Definition

Mastaba Art History Definition

Mastaba Art History Definition

Mastaba Art History Definition

Mastaba Art History Definition


Mastaba Art History Definition

Mastaba Art History Definition

Mastaba Art History Definition


The term mastaba comes from the Arabic word for "a bench of mud". When seen from a distance, a flat-topped mastaba does resemble a bench. Historians speculate that the Egyptians may have borrowed architectural ideas from Mesopotamia, since at the time they were both building similar structures.





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