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Ancient Egypt Nile River definition

 

 This name came from Greek Language "Neilos " which means valley .The Egyptian Nile River in Africa the source of the Egyptian Nile Bururi Province and Burundi Egyptian river runs in 10 African countries.

 

The Nile is famous as the longest river in the world. The Nile floods the lands in Egypt, leaving behind black sediment. That's why the ancient Egyptians named the river Ar, meaning black. 

 

Egypt is the gift of the Nile

Ancient Egypt Nile River definition

Nile River length

 

 

Egypt is the gift of the Nile

When many contemplate the name "Nile", the first thing that comes to their minds is Egypt, which is easy to explain, given the great importance of this river to Egypt throughout history.

The famous Greek historian Herodotus summarized the importance of the river to the Egyptians by saying "Egypt is the gift of the Nile".

 

Nile importance in Ancient Egypt

"Hi to you, O Nile! Who will manifest on earth, and comes to give life to Egypt! For a civilization to flourish, the presence of a river is inevitable. The river Nile has been the lifeline of Egyptian civilization and time again. There is no better way to follow the course of Egyptian history than to follow the course of the Nile, the longest river in the world (6695 km). 
 
 
The Nile helped the ancient Egyptians in various ways. The river has the ability to produce extremely fertile soil. The Egyptians called their country Kemet, which means "black earth", a reference to the dark, fertile soil that remained after the Nile flood had receded. . It was extremely beneficial for a country which consisted of dry desert land and low rainfall throughout the year.

It has provided a source of drinking water, irrigation for agriculture, etc. It has also been the source of fish and helped to establish a fishing industry in the future. Bricks were made from mud by the banks of the river while the mud was used as raw material for the pottery industry well established. Quarries, mines and processing stones, precious stones, metals and salts occurred.
 
 
Nile River shaduf


Nile River cairo

Nile importance in Ancient Egypt


Ancient Egyptian Nile boats and trade


 Boats were built and used for navigation. The Nile was the Egyptians also protected against external attacks. Enemies must first cross the river, which was a very difficult and complex. The river has also contributed to the promotion of trade. The Nile was the quickest way and easiest way to get from place to place.
 
 
Ancient Egypt nile flooding
 
 The flooding of the Nile in Egypt land, leaving behind black sediment. This is why the ancient Egyptians named river Ar, meaning black. The Nile flooded every year between June and September.
 
 Egyptians he planned in advance after seeing the emergence of floods in the same period each year. The course of the river has changed over time. Land became available as moved riverbed, and new houses were built along the river, while the older decaying.
 

Ancient Egyptian god Hapi and Nile River Myths

To the Egyptians, the reasons for the flooding of the Nile and the origins remained a mystery, but they were aware of their dependence on the river. They deified as Hapi giving it the form of a well-fed man blue beard. 

Hapi was the god of the Nile. Honor a god was very important, so when a flood came, the Egyptians thank Hapi for bringing the fertility of the land.

 There are many myths associated with the Nile, including that the Nile is the gift of the gods, and that its flood season begins with the appearance of the brightest star; when it overflows, it brings prosperity and fertility; the gods control the river.


The deity Khnum is the lord of the water who brings prosperity and creates humans from the mud of the Nile River flood; the deity Habi controls the flood of the Nile because he is both genders and therefore very fertile; parts of the body of the severed god Osiris is in the Nile; and that the Nile’s flood and its decline were linked to the death and resurrection of Osiris and the myth of worshiping the Nile animals .

  
Nile River crocodile
 
The Nile crocodile has been a major component of the Egyptian culture and way of life since the Egyptians first settled along the fertile banks of the Nile. Most Nile Crocodiles are approximately 4 meters in length, although some have been reported to be longer. Animals nest on the banks of the Nile, where the female can lay up to 60 eggs at a time. About three months later, the babies are born and taken to the water by their mother. 

 They stay with it for at least two years to reach maturity. The Nile basin is huge, more than 3 million square kilometers with an average annual rainfall of about 600 mm at the moment. Much of the Nile water transported from Ethiopia and is due to the summer monsoon. The rest comes from as far south as Rwanda.
 
 
Ancient Egypt Nile delta
 
The Nile Delta is the delta formed in Lower Egypt where the Nile River spreads out and drains into the Mediterranean Sea. It is one of the world's largest river deltas from Alexandria in the west to Port Said in the east, it covers 240 km  of Mediterranean coastline and is a rich agricultural region.

From north to south the delta is approximately 160 km in length. The Delta begins slightly down-river from Cairo. People have lived in the Nile Delta region for thousands of years, and it has been intensively farmed for at least the last five thousand years.



Ancient Egypt Nile delta

Ancient Egypt Nile delta

The delta was a major constituent of Lower Egypt, and there are many archaeological sites in and around the delta. Artifacts belonging to ancient sites have been found on the delta's coast. The Rosetta Stone was found in the delta in 1799 in the port city of Rosetta.

In July 2019 a small Greek temple, ancient granite columns, treasure-carrying ships, and bronze coins from the reign of Ptolemy II, dating back to the third and fourth centuries BC, were found at the sunken city of Heracleion, colloquially known as Egypt's Atlantis.

The investigations were conducted by Egyptian and European divers led by the underwater archaeologist Franck Goddio. They also uncovered a devastated historic temple underwater off Egypt's north coast


 

 Nile River images :


Nile River Meaning

Nile River Meaning

Nile River Meaning

Nile River Meaning

Nile River Meaning

Nile River Meaning

Nile River Meaning

Nile River Meaning

Nile River Meaning

Nile River Meaning



Nile River Meaning





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