Min menu

Pages

Ancient Egyptian Cities

Niwt Ancient Egyptian name for Cities

 
Niwt was the term used for the Egyptian city during the New Kingdom. By the fifth dynasty, the term "town" or large village was dmi. Whyt was the term for the village.Cities are the natural result of any civilization where political organization is well established. Ancient Egypt was no exception. The cities were related to different dynasties that have shaped the history of civilization. Political, economic and security reasons are important to the origin of these institutions.

Some have disappeared for many reasons, including flooding of the Nile, but some are keeping their history and heritage.  The cities were built on the floodplain, such as proximity to the River Nile has transportation, travel and irrigation. Before 5000 BC, the inhabitants of the Nile Valley were mostly foragers who practiced fishing, bird hunting, hunting and gathering wild
plants.
 
 
Ancient Egyptian Cities map


Major Cities in Ancient Egypt

 
The first known farming community then occupied a site near the floodplain of the Nile Delta in Beni Salama Merimda, about twenty-five kilometers northwest of Cairo. It was a large village, consisting of approximately 180,000 square meters and has remained a population of about 1000 years. Around 3500 BC, the village of Maadi was established about fifteen miles south of present day Cairo, probably as a shopping center.  
 
Trade items such as copper and bitumen were discovered there. It is believed that Maadi was at the end of a land trade route to Palestine. The site shows signs of huts, storage magazines, silos and cellars. The two towns of Hierakonpolis and Nagada were important. The first was about 2000 inhabitants. This was probably an administrative center.  
 
From around 3500 to 3300 BC, the site was characterized by a decrease of the Nile flood and flourishing trade that led to the emergence of many more cities. Abydos, north of Naqada and Hierakonpolis was an important religious institution.There was a place of proto-national power than the parts, even controlled the Delta nearly two centuries before the appearance of the first dynasty. 
 
 Establishment of the city of Memphis was the result of the unification of all administrative districts to about 3000 BC. Unfortunately, we know very little about this city. He moved to the east because of the invasion of sand dunes and a change in the course of the Nile. Tell el-Dab'a was a residential town. During the period of the Middle and New Kingdoms, Thebes, the city of Ammon was the capital of Egypt for nearly a thousand years.  
 
It was located in the northeastern part of modern Cairo. The city became important as a royal residence and seat of the god Amun. It is a striking testimony to Egyptian culture. Today, Luxor covers the site where Thebes was located. As the locus of power shifted to the Nile delta, Thebes went into decline. Tanis became an important royal city during the Third Intermediate Period. It remained the capital of Egypt until the Arab invasion.

Outside major cities, there were also cities for specialized trade. As Egyptian civilization grew, he seems to have been some seventeen cities and twenty-four cities in an administrative network connecting them to the national capital. Cities, no doubt helped the community to assume the role of a great power in the ancient world.


Ancient Egyptian Cities images 

 
Ancient Egyptian Cities

Ancient Egyptian Cities

Ancient Egyptian Cities

Ancient Egyptian Cities

 
 
 
reactions

Comments