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Because the Nile flows the length of the country, boats and ships were the most important means of transport in Egypt since ancient times to the Muslim era. Ships are shown in the tables from the Naqada period (about 4000-3100 BC) and by the end of the Old Kingdom, wooden models of ships were often placed in tombs. These models reflect the many types of boats, the ancient Egyptians designed for different purposes. 
 
 Reed rafts were made for hunting in the marshes. Papyrus boats were used by royalty for either daily activities or religious ceremonies. Large wooden boats were used to transport heavy goods and military purposes. During the Greco-Roman era, the Ptolemies built a large navy. Ptolemaic ships were made in a variety of styles known throughout the Hellenistic world. The Barides formed an important type of naval vessels.
 
 Ancient Egyptian Horse
 
Vessels called Kerkuros were used for both naval and commercial purposes, while a smaller type of warship was called Lembos. Lembos these were closer to a boat and have been used to launch quick strikes. The most important types of merchant vessels was the largest ship called the Korbita who sailed around the Mediterranean in British Columbia the first and second centuries until the Kybaea became more frequent.Shipbuilding is also important for Muslims during the Muslim era.

 They established many shipbuilding centers along the Nile, among them Al-Fustat, Qalzim, Alexandria, and Tanis. Alexandria was a major port and its ships carrying goods from Ethiopia, India, China, and all ports of the Mediterranean Sea. In the Fatimid era, Egypt became one of the most powerful navy.  

Ancient Egyptian Boats and ships Transportation


Ancient Egyptian Donkey

 For distances much shorter than would be traveled by boat, sedan chairs were the preferred mode of transportation in the Old Kingdom and Middle for the royal class. Sedan chairs seem to have disappeared after these periods. The officer would be sitting with the knees drawn to chest, holding a fan. The chairs usually have a thick cushion for comfort and file for support. The chairs rested on two long poles, including two or more servants lifted to carry the chair.



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