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Ancient Egyptian Funeral

The funeral and burial of an ancient Egyptian was a complex process. A funeral procession with dancers and mourners took the embalmed body of the tomb where the ritual of opening the mouth "was conducted at the entrance of the tomb.

Ancient Egyptian Funeral

Funeral procession:


The embalmed body and coffin were collected for the day of the funeral, probably embalmers tent. Funeral processions for wealthy Egyptians would have been a complex event to display their status as spectators. Parents were placed at each end of the coffin (which was usually driven by oxen), with two female relatives or priestesses acting roles goddesses Isis and Nephthys (the chief mourners in ancient Egyptian religion). Some participants made canopic jars and other funerary objects, while others have been hired mourners, dancers, musicians and priests. The procession continued to the edge of the Nile, where all participants were required to board boats and cross the river to the west, the privileged place for burials.




Ancient Egyptian Funeral

Ancient Egyptian Funeral


Funeral rites:


The final funeral rites were held in front of the tomb. The mummy was raised upright for the opening of the mouth. "This was a complex ritual performed by priests in order that the deceased can use all their senses in the afterlife. Practices involved in the ceremony included the purification, the anointing and the recitation of prayers and spells, as well as touching the mummy with ritual objects to restore the senses. After that, the food and clothing were given to the deceased and people attended the funeral banquet. The mummy was then placed in the burial chamber of the tomb, fully prepared for the afterlife.


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