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Ancient Egyptian Gardens

It's hard to imagine, but at some point, perhaps thousands of years, the Sphinx and the tombs, temples and pyramids of Egypt were surrounded by lush gardens. Garden designers were motivated by religious considerations that dictated the form of gardens and what plans were used in the.Some of the most common plants in the gardens include Egyptian daisies, cornflowers, mandrakes, roses, irises, myrtle, jasmine, miniatures, convolvulus, celosia, narcissus, ivy, Lychnis, marjoram, henna, bay laurel, small yellow chrysanthemums and poppies.  
 
There was also the papyrus, lotus and grapes. Gardens were not just for pleasant surroundings for the ancient Egyptians. There was a lot of symbolism related to trees, including specific gods such as Osiris, Nut, Isis and Hathor. They also have connotations of creation, and funeral. Plants of papyrus and lotus were symbolic of the two regions of Lower and Upper Egypt (respectively). Of course, the gardens also provided food including vegetables and wine.
 
 
Ancient Egyptian Gardens

Ancient Egyptian Gardens

Ancient Egyptian Gardens
 

In the representations of the tombs of these gardens are very formal with rectangular ponds and trees and vines planted in straight lines. Trees and shrubs were grown for shade and for fruit: the date and other palms, sycamore fig, pomegranate, nut trees and jujube. But the willows, acacia and tamarisk also found favor, about eighteen kinds of trees have been grown by the Egyptians. Due to the arid climate of Egypt, tending gardens meant constant attention and is dependent on irrigation.  
 
Skilled gardeners were employed by temples and households of the rich. Duties included planting, weeding, watering using a chadouf, prune fruit trees, digging the ground, picking fruit etc. The garden houses were separated by a wall agricultural sites.The temples of various gods were provided with gardens in decorative arrangements, as a source for flowers, vegetables and even wine and olive oil, thus providing the necessary ingredients for various rituals.

Some trees and shrubs included Wesir sacred tamarisk, olive, acacia, willow, date palm and sacred Re Min, doum palm Djehuty sacred, sacred sycamore in Het-Hert, Persea, Christ's Thorn, carob , myrtle and other unidentified people.The general structure of a garden and its buildings follows a time-honored model, which can still be seen today in the most humble farm, for example, in the oasis of Bahariya. The property is surrounded by a wall all around. Inside the gateway is an open courtyard filled with trees. Then there is another wall and another door.




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