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The golden uraeus, or royal cobra, of Senusert the Second was once fixed to the front of the royal headdress or the crown of the king.  The body of the uraeus is made of hammered gold inlaid with semiprecious stones set into cloisonne.  The head is made of lapis lazuli, while the eyes are made of garnet. The neck is decorated with lapis lazuli, feldspar, and carnelian. 
Uraeus of King Senusert II

The golden tail has two looping turns and two ringlets are attached to the back of the snake's body for attaching it to the crown or the headdress.  Representing the goddess of Lower Egypt, this reptile was the protector of the king and of kingship. Therefore, it became an emblem decorating the royal headdress or crown.