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Ancient Egyptian Economy

Ancient Egypt had a well-developed economies. His features were of a planned economy. Since money was not invented, the barter system prevailed in the purchase and sale of products. The cost was measured in a Deben, a copper weight of .5 oz . Ancient Egypt was essentially what is called a "power state." Products intended for human consumption were delivered to state institutions or temple, which in turn distributed food and other goods to the population.

Jobs in ancient Egypt government officials, soldiers, scribes, doctors, merchants, dancers, fishermen, hunters, bakers, carpenters, makers of coffins spinners, weavers, jewelers, builders pyramids, Egyptian artists, and farmers. Most Egyptians were farmers. The Nile has encouraged agriculture by providing a source of irrigation and as fertile black earth. 

Ancient Egyptian Economy

Ancient Egyptian Economy


 Agriculture has created more wealth of Egypt. Grain, vegetables, fruit, cattle, goats, pigs and poultry were grown, and fish of the Nile were caught, and any surplus, after deduction of other taxes, were sold in markets. The main crops in Egypt were wheat, barley, lettuce, beans, onions, figs, dates, grapes, melons, and cucumbers. The pharaoh was the controller of jobs.

Two commonly used measures of value were applied to determine the price of goods. One was the "heqat" measure, which has developed from cereal crops and has been used to determine the amount of property given as wages. The other was "shat," which stood for an absolute measure of value. The land has been reallocated and re-measured by the officers and agents of the state, after each flood based on past missions. 


 They assessed the expected crops, part of the collected product taxes, stored and redistributed to people on the payroll of the state. Storage and redistribution were generally made on a local basis. Regional facilities provided products in case there was a shortfall in one of the local centers. After taxes were paid, domain administrators and heads of successful family stored for future use of surplus or exchanged against the barter market.  

The percentage of products and goods, which made even reached the market was probably small. This may be of marginal importance to the survival of the individual producer, but has provided some of the economic base of the culture that develops high-Egyptian.
There were no legal restrictions on economic activity of women in ancient Egypt.


 Most contracts and business papers, we found names of men bear, but there are enough legal documents of all kinds with names of women we can be certain that their rights were more than theoretical. Trade began in the fourth century BC. Objects made in other countries were goods such as silver, iron, cedar wood, horses, ivory, copper, cattle, leopard skins, and spices.

 The main products were brought from Egypt minerals and other gold, wheat, barley, and papyrus leaves. Seamen on merchant ships were paid in grain. Much of the trade beyond the local exchange is thought to have been in the hands of wholesale merchants acting for the crown or the great temple estates.

 The extent to which individuals were involved in trade can not be estimated. Market forces have played a role, especially during periods when the administration broke down.Major changes to the beginning of barter system began to occur only with the influx of foreigners and the introduction of coins minted in the Late Period.
 
 

Ancient Egyptian Economy pictures

 
Ancient Egyptian Economy

Ancient Egyptian Economy

Ancient Egyptian Economy


Ancient Egyptian Economy


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