Egyptians from very ancient dates were familiar with the art of glass making. Glass jars, figures and ornaments have been discovered in the tombs. The paintings on the tombs have been interpreted as descriptive of the process of glass blowing. Egyptian glass articles were of coloured glass, often beautifully patterned.
The glass making knowledge of Egyptians was advanced. The glass beads were produced in a variety of colours. They were made by winding molten glass around a metal bar and were highly prized as a trading commodity.The use of cold-worked glass in jewellery was the invention in the middle kingdom.
In order to provide cheap materials for the lower social classes, Egyptian artisans invented the art of the fabulous fake, ancient artisans became so adept at crafting glass bead versions of precious stones that it was difficult to distinguish authentic emeralds, pearls and tigers-eye.Solidified glass was also formed into beads and amulets which were small figurines that were buried with the deceased.