Pharaoh Meaning is the common title given to ancient Egyptian kings. These pharaohs were regarded as gods by the Egyptian people. The Pharaoh was a sacred king who acted as an intermediary between the gods and man. Pyramids are tombs built for Egypt's pharaohs. Menes was the first pharaoh in the history and Cleopatra was the last pharaoh ; after her death Egypt became a Roman province. 


In about 3100 B.C., Egypt was united under pharaoh Menes, who inaugurated the 30 pharaonic dynasties into which Egypt's ancient history is divided into the Old Kingdom,the Middle Kingdom and the New Empire. The term pharaoh wasn't used for a ruler until Merneptah 1210 BCE, during the Nineteenth dynasty,  king being the term used most frequently until the middle of the Eighteenth Dynasty. 

Pharaoh Meaning

The title now used for the monarchs of ancient Egypt from the First Dynasty until the annexation of Egypt by the Roman Empire in 30 BCE. The  kings  of  Egypt  were  not  originally  called  pharaohs  by  the  ancient Egyptians. In the late First Dynasty, the term used was nesu-bit, referring to the king, with the additional idea that the king was a combination of divine and mortal.


The term "pharaoh" for the king of Egypt developed over time, and was also used by the Hebrews and Greeks to describe the Egyptian ruler. Today, we commonly use the term "pharaoh" with reference to the kings of Ancient  Egypt,  including  the  Hyksos  and  Ptolemaic  rulers,  but  usually  not the Persian rulers, although many of them did have a formal Egyptian title manufactured for themselves.

Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs

Pharaohs Clothing

 Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs

 Egyptian Crowns and Headdresses pictures

In Ancient Egypt, the term "pharaoh" was not originally a royal title. Translated  literally,  the  earliest  meaning  of  the  Egyptian  word  per-o  was  "great house", that is the palace or residence of the king and his administration. This usage is found as early as 2500 BCE. The term "pharaoh" referred to the ordinances and commands. Ancient Egyptians left behind a rich artistic heritage in the form of pyramids, pharaonic painting and sculpture, hieroglyphics, and architecture.


After 2000 BC, Pharaoh was referred to by five names, four of them being his throne names and one was the name given to him at the time of his birth. The late Egyptian word, the par'o word was reconstructed as per the Ancient Greek and Late Latin words pronounced as 'Pharaoh'. It was from this letter that the English word 'Pharaoh' was obtained. At first the 'pharaohs' were buried in underground chambers over which were built rectangular mastabas; these were stone structures housing the food and accoutrements the pharaoh would need in the afterlife.

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